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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A : On a Farm

LISA: Let's sit here, Mr Learner.
MARTIN: Please call me Martin. May I ask some questions?
LISA: Of course.
MARTIN: May I record your answers?
LISA: Yes.
MARTIN: Do you have a family?
LISA: Yes, I have a husband.
MARTIN: What is your husband's name?
LISA: Eric.
MARTIN: Eric. That's right. We've met. Do you have children?
LISA: Yes. We have two children.
MARTIN: Are they boys or girls?
LISA: We have one boy and one girl.
MARTIN: Wonderful. You have a son and a daughter. Are your mother and father living?
LISA: Yes, they are.
MARTIN: Do they live here?
LISA: No, they don't. They live in town.
MARTIN: Do you have a large farm?
LISA: Oh, yes. It's a very large farm. The farm was my father's farm.MARTIN: And you have a very large house.
LISA: It's a wonderful house. The house is old. Here's Eric.
ERIC: Hello, Martin?
MARTIN: That's right.
ERIC: How are you?
MARTIN: Fine, thanks. How are you?
ERIC: Fine, thanks.
LISA: We're talking about families.
ERIC: I have a large family.
MARTIN: Are your parent's living?
ERIC: My mother is living. My father isn't living.
MARTIN: Where does your mother live?
ERIC: She lives in California.
MARTIN: Do you have brothers and sisters?
ERIC: I have three brothers and two sisters.
MARTIN: Where do they live?
ERIC: Two brothers live in town. One lives on a farm.
MARTIN: What do they do? One is a farmer?
ERIC: That's right. Two brothers have businesses in town.
MARTIN: Lisa, do you have brothers and sisters?
LISA: I have a sister.
MARTIN: Where does she live?
LISA: She lives in Texas.
MARTIN: Is she married?
LISA: No, she isn't.
MARTIN: What does she do?
LISA: She's in the army.
MARTIN: Are your sisters married, Eric?
ERIC: One sister lives in Montana. She's married to a rancher. One lives in California. My mother lives with this sister.
MARTIN: What does this sister do?
ERIC: She has a business.
LISA: She's a photographer.
MARTIN: That's interesting.

Practice 1:询问对方是否有某物或人,诸如家庭、孩子、父母等,用:
“Do you have...?”回答:Yes, I do. 或 No, I don't.
Examples:  MARTIN: Do you have a family?
LISA: Yes, I do.
MARTIN: Do you have children?
LISA: Yes, we do.
MARTIN: Do you have brothers and sisters?
ERIC: Yes, I do.
MARTIN: Are your parents living?
LISA: Yes, they are.

会话A : 在农场
丽  莎:让我们坐这里吧,勒纳先生。
马  丁:叫我马丁好了。我能问你几个问题吗?
丽  莎:当然可以。
马  丁:我可以把你的回答录下来吗?
丽  莎:可以的。
马  丁:你成家了吗?
丽  莎:是的,我有丈夫。
马  丁:你丈夫叫什么名字?
丽  莎:埃里克。
马  丁:埃里克。对了,我们见过。你有孩子吗?
丽  莎:是的。我们有两个孩子。
马  丁:男孩还是女孩?
丽  莎:一男一女。
马  丁:太好了。你有一个儿子和一个女儿。你的父母还健在吗?
丽  莎:是的。
马  丁:他们住在这儿吗?
丽  莎:不,他们住在城里。
马  丁:你有一个大农场吗?
丽  莎:噢,是的,那是个很大的农场,曾经是我父亲的。
马  丁:你还有一所大房子。
丽  莎:是一个很棒的房子。这个房子很古老。埃里克来了。
埃里克:你好,马丁?
马  丁:不错。
埃里克:你怎么样?
马  丁:很好,谢谢。你怎么样?
埃里克:很好,谢谢。
丽  莎:我们正在谈论家庭。
埃里克:我有一个大家庭。
马  丁:你父母还健在吗?
埃里克:我母亲还健在,父亲不在了。
马  丁:你的母亲住在哪儿?
埃里克:她住在加利弗福尼亚。
马  丁:你有兄弟姐妹吗?
埃里克:我有三个兄弟和两个姐妹。
马  丁:他们住在哪儿?
埃里克:两兄弟住城里,一个在农场。
马  丁:他们做什么工作?有一个是农民吗?
埃里克:是的,另两个兄弟在城里做生意。
马  丁:丽莎,你有兄弟姐妹吗?
丽  莎:我有个姐姐。
马  丁:她住哪儿?
丽  莎:她住在德克萨斯。
马  丁:她结婚了?
丽  莎:没有。
马  丁:她做什么工作的?
丽  莎:她在军队工作。
马  丁:埃里克,你的姐妹们结婚了吗?
埃里克:一个住在蒙大拿州,她嫁给了一个农场主。一个住在加利福尼亚,我母
亲同她住在一起。
马  丁:这个姐姐做什么工作?
埃里克:她经商。
丽  莎:她是个摄影家。
马  丁:很有意思。

Conversation B

LISA: Here are the children now.
ERIC: This is Max. And this is Meg.
MARTIN: Hi, Max. Hi, Meg.
MAX: Hi.
MEG: Hi.
MARTIN: I'm Martin. How old are you, Max?
MAX: I'm fifteen.
MARTIN: Are you in high school?
MAX: Yes. I'm in tenth grade.
MARTIN: Where is your school?
MAX: It's in town.
MARTIN: How old are you, Meg?
MEG: Eleven.
MARTIN: Where is your school?
MEG: I don't know.
LISA: It's east of here.
MARTIN: It's in the country.
ERIC: That's right.
MARTIN: Meg, can I ask some more questions?
MEG: OK.
MARTIN: I want to ask some questions about your family.
MARTIN: Do you have uncles?
MEG: Yes. Three.
MARTIN: Where do they live?
MEG: Two live in town. One lives over there?
MARTIN: Where?
ERIC: West of here.
MEG: See that road? Over there.
MARTIN: Max, do you have grandmothers and grandfathers?
MAX: Yes. Two grandmothers are living, and one grandfather is living.MARTIN: Where does your grandfather live?
MAX: He lives in town now. He lived here.
MARTIN: What does he do?
MAX: He was a farmer.
ERIC: This was his farm.
MARTIN: Meg, where do your grandmothers live?
MEG: One lives in town. One lives in California.
MARTIN: What do your uncles do?
MEG: Uncle Gene is a policeman.
MAX: Uncle Chet is a baker.
MARTIN: Max, is one uncle a farmer?
MAX: Yes, he is. He has a small farm.
MARTIN: What does he grow?
MAX: Corn. All the farmers grow corn.
MEG: He grows beans, too.
MARTIN: Soybeans?
MEG: Yes.
MARTIN: Does he have animals?
MEG: Oh, yes.
MARTIN: Do you like animals?
MEG: I like some animals. I like horses.
MARTIN: Can you ride?
MEG: Yes, I can.
MARTIN: Max, can you ride?
MAX: Of course.
MEG: I don't like cows.
MARTIN: Does your uncle have cows?
MEG: Yes. He has big cows. He has two hundred cows.
MAX: No, he doesn't.
MEG: Yes. He has two hundred cows.
MAX: No, he doesn't. He has fifty cows.
MEG: No, he doesn't. He has two hundred cows.
MAX: Fifty.
MEG: Two-hundred.
LISA: Children! Stop that!
MARTIN: Lisa, did your father have cows?
LISA: No, he didn't. He didn't like animals.
MEG: He likes corn and beans.
LISA: That's right.
MARTIN: Did he like horses?
LISA: No. He only liked corn and soybeans.
MARTIN: You have a very big house, Meg. Do you like your house?
MEG: It's old. But I like it.
MAX: I like Uncle Gene's house. It's new.
LISA: Our home is wonderful!
MAX: Our home is wonderful. But Uncle Gene's is new.


会话B
丽  莎:这是孩子们。
埃里克:这是麦克斯,这是麦格。
马  丁:你好,麦克斯,你好麦格。
麦克斯:你好。
麦  格:你好。
马  丁:我是马丁。你几岁,麦克斯?
麦克斯:我15岁。
马  丁:你上高中了吗?
麦克斯:是的,我在10年级。
马  丁:你的学校在哪儿?
麦克斯:在镇上。
马  丁:麦格几岁了?
麦  格:11岁。
马  丁:你的学校在哪儿?
麦  格:我不知道。
丽  莎:在这儿的东边。
马  丁:在农村吗?
埃里克:对。
马  丁:麦格,可以再问几个问题吗?
麦  格:可以。
马  丁:我想问些关于你家的问题,你有叔叔吗?
麦  格:有,3个。
马  丁:他们住在哪儿?
麦  格:两个住在镇上,一个在那边住。
马  丁:哪里?
埃里克:在这儿的西边。
麦  格:看见那条路了?在那边。
马  丁:麦克,你有爷爷、奶奶、姥姥、姥爷吗?
麦克斯:有,奶奶、姥姥都在,只有一个爷爷在。
马  丁:你爷爷住在哪儿?
麦克斯:他现在住镇上,住这儿。
马  丁:他做什么工作?
麦克斯:他从前是农民。
埃里克:这从前是他的农场。
马  丁:麦格,你的奶奶、姥姥住哪?
麦  格:一个住在镇上,一个住在加利福尼亚。
马  丁:你叔叔们干什么?
麦  格:吉恩叔叔是警察。
麦克斯:洽特叔叔是面包师。
马  丁:麦克斯,你有个叔叔是农民吗?
麦克斯:对,有。他有个小农场。
马  丁:他种什么?
麦克斯:玉米,农民们都种玉米。
麦  格:他也种豆子。
马  丁:黄豆吗?
麦  格:是的。
马  丁:他养牲畜吗?
麦  格:哦,养。
马  丁:你喜欢牲畜吗?
麦  格:喜欢一些,我喜欢马。
马  丁:你会骑马吗?
麦  格:是的,会。
马  丁:麦克斯,你会骑马吗?
麦克斯:当然了。
麦  格:我不喜欢牛。
马  丁:你叔叔养牛吗?
麦  格:养,他养大牛,有200头。
麦克斯:不,他没有。
麦  格:不,他有,他有200头。
麦克斯:不,他没有200头,他有50头。
麦  格:不,不是50头,是200头。
麦克斯:50头。
麦  格:200头。
丽  莎:孩子们,别吵了。
马  丁:丽莎,你父亲养牛吗?
丽  莎:不,他不养,他不喜欢动物。
麦  格:他喜欢玉米和豆子。
丽  莎:对!
马  丁:他喜欢马吗?
丽  莎:不,他只喜欢玉米和黄豆。
马  丁:你有座大房子,麦格,你喜欢吗?
麦  格:很旧了,但我喜欢。
麦克斯:我喜欢吉恩叔叔的房子,是新的。
丽  莎:我们家房子很好。
麦克斯:我们家房子很好,但吉恩叔叔的房子是新的。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

living   n. & adj. 生计;活着的
married   adj. 结了婚的
rancher   n. 牧场主
uncle   n. 叔父,伯父,舅父
baker   n. 面包师

Proper Nouns 专有名词

Texas   得克萨斯州
Montana   蒙大拿州

Language Points 语言要点

1 . She's married to a rancher. 她嫁给了一个牧场主。  
marry 是动词,意为结婚、嫁、娶。 
John is going to marry Jane. 约翰要和珍结婚了。 
  She married a rancher. 她和一个牧场主结婚了。  
Her father married her to a rancher. 她父亲把她嫁给了个牧场主。  
be married to 是嫁给(娶)某人的意思。其中 married 是形容词。
2 . See that road? 看见那条路了吧?  
这是一句省略了主语和助动词的一般疑问句。完整的句子为: 
  Do you see that road?

Cultural Notes  文化注释

 在美国也存在着很大的城乡差别,但这种差别并不是物质的优劣,而是体现在另一方面。乡村、郊区的居民崇尚轻松、俭朴的生活方式和开阔的居住环境,而且往往对城市所象征的一切持抵触情绪。近些年来,越来越多的人离开大都市,迁居郊野、乡下,就是想躲避城市日趋恶化的环境,回归自然。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物