A) A visit to a prison.
B) The influence of his father.
C) A talk with some miserable slaves.
D) His experience in the war between France and Austria.
A) He sent surgeons to serve in the army.
B) He provided soldiers with medical supplies.
C) He recruited volunteers to care for the wounded.
D) He helped to flee the prisoners of war.
A) All men are created equal.
B) The wounded and dying should be treated for free.
C) A wounded soldier should surrender before he receives any medical treatment.
D) A suffering person is entitled to help regardless of race, religion or political beliefs.
A) To honor Swiss heroes who died in the war.
B) To show Switzerland was neutral.
C) To pay tribute to Switzerland.
D) To show gratitude to the Swiss government for its financial support.
The worldwide organization of the Red Cross stems from the idea of Henri Dunant, a Swiss banker. In 1838, at the age of 10, Dunant was taken by his father to visit a prison. There he saw prisoners chained together exercising in the yard and breaking stones along the road. This experience left a deep impression on him, and made him determined to do something for convicts and slaves, and for all who were oppressed(17) and deprived of their liberty. On 24th June, 1859 while he was away from Geneva to France, Dunant witnessed the battle between the French and Austrian armies. It was one of the fiercest battles of the 19th century. Shocked by the lack of medical supplies and the attention given to the wounded, Dunant decided volunteer services have to be organized. He gathered together a number of women who attended hundreds of wounded soldiers(18) of all nationalities and helped the surgeons as best as they could. From that battle Dunant determined to form a body of people who were ready to gather in times of war and attended to the needs of wounded and dying. Dunant held that suffering human being should be helped for his own sake only without regard to race, religion of political beliefs(19). Many European states supported him and on 22 August, 1864, the first Geneva Convention was signed. This lays down that once the soldier is wounded, he and everyone who comes to his help ceases to be an enemy. A symbol by which the relief works could be recognized was devised. As a tribute to Switzerland, the symbol was a Swiss flag reversed, that is a red cross on a white ground(20). So the Red Cross was born.
17. What first led Henri Dunant to think of helping the oppressed?
18. What did Henri Dunant do during the battle between the French and Austrian armies?
19. What was Henri Dunant's belief when he founded the Red Cross?
20. Why was the symbol of the Red Cross designed with a red cross on white ground?